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Science, Engineering, and Technology

  • Ag in the Classroom

  • Animals

  • Biological Sciences

  • Consumer & Family Sciences

  • Environmental Education & Earth Sciences

  • Physical Sciences

  • Plant Science

  • Technology & Engineering

 

Ag in the Classroom

Ag in the Classroom

Learn about both commercial and non-commercial agricultural practices in a classroom environment.

 

Animals

Alpacas

Learn about Alpacas, their care and management. May also include information on their use as a wool or pack animal.

Animal Husbandry

Learn about the historical and current agricultural practice of breeding and raising livestock.

Bees

Learn about bees and their care and required equipment. Member may manage one or more hives while learning about the handling and sale of honey and the bee industry.

Birds

Learn about birds and their care and management as a part of Avian Science. Birds may be raised for pets, show, breeding, meat, eggs, or sale. Project may include information about commercial practices in birds. Subcategories include Emu and Ostrich, Exotic, Poultry, and Turkey.

Birds- Emu & Ostrich

Avian Science project focused on Emus and Ostriches.

Birds- Exotic

Avian Science project focused on Exotic Birds including canaries, finches, budgies, cockatiels, lovebirds, African grays, amazons, macaws, and cockatoos.

Birds- Poultry

Avian Science project focused on poultry.

Birds- Turkey

Avian Science project focused on turkeys.

Cats

Learn about the care and feeding of household cats. May include management and grooming. Cats may be raised for pets, shows, or breeding.

Cattle

Learn about the raising, care, and management of cattle. Animals may be raised for meat, show, sale, or breeding. Subcategories include calf processing, replacement heifer, and veal calf.

Cattle- Beef

Learn about beef cattle and their care and management. Members may raise animals for meat or for breeding. Ownership is preferred.  Opportunities are available for non-owners.

Cattle- Dairy

Learn about diary cattle, their care and management. Members may raise animals for milk, breeding, or sale as bred heifers. Ownership is preferred. Opportunities are available for non-owners.

Cavies

Learn the care, feeding, and management of cavies. Members may raise animals for pets, market, showing, or breeding.

Dog

Learn about dogs, their care, and their feeding. May include obedience training of animal. Subcategories include agility, care and training, and stock.

Goats

Learn about goats and their general care, management, and various uses. Members may raise animals for pets, breeding, sale, or show. Subcategories include Pygmy, Pack, and Nigerian.

Goats Angora

Learn about angora goats and theri care and managemen. Members may use animals for marketing, breeding, or for angora wool.

Goats Dairy

Learn about dairy goats, their care and management. Members may raise animals for marketing, breeding, or for angora wool.

Goats Meat

Learn about meat goats and their care and management. Animals may be raised for meat, show, sale, or breeding.

Goats Nigerian

Goat project focused on Nigerian dwarf goats.

Goats Pack

Goat project focused on pack goats.

Goats Pygmy

Goat project focused on pygmy goats.

Guide Dogs & Service Animals

Raise a puppy for Guide Dogs for the Blind, Inc, or a similar association. Applications are required and my be obtained through the 4-H office.

Equine- Horse & Ponies

Learn how to care for, feed, and ride a horse or pony. The animal may be either owned or leased. Handicapped riding and the "horseless project" (learning about equines without access to one) are offered in some counties. Subcategories of this project include: breeding, draft, drill, judging, driving, English, gymkhana, dressage, miniature, trail riding, and western.

Livestock Judging

Learn hose to judge various species of livestock according to breed or market specifications. May include, but are not limited to, species such as: cow, horse, sheep, goat, swine, turkey, chicken, rabbit, cavies, and dogs.  May include instruction in carcass and egg judging.

Llamas

Learn about llamas and their care and management. May include information on their use as pack or wool animals.

Pets and Small Animals

Learn about care for, and train pets and small animals such as cates, hamsters, birds, and rats. May include breeding and sale.

Rabbits

Learn the care, feeding, and management of rabbits. Members may raise animals for pets, fur, show, or breeding.

Reptiles

Learn about the care, feeding, and management of various species of reptiles. These species may include snakes, turtles and tortoises, and lizards.

Sheep

Learn about the care and management of sheep. Members may raise animals for pets, show, wool, breeding, or sale. Ownership is preferred.

Sheep Breeding

Learn about the care and management of breeding sheep. Members may learn, but are not limited to, the genetics involved in breeding, the care and management of in-lamb ewes and ewes after laming, and AI practices.

Sheep Market

Learn about the care and management of market sheep. Members may raise animals for market or show.

Swine

Learn about the care and management of swine. Members may raise animals for pets, show, sale, or breeding. Ownership is preferred.

Swine Breeding

Learn about the care and management of breeding swine. Members may learn, but are not limited to, the genetics involved in breeding swine, the care and management of furrowing sows and boars, and AI practices.

Swine Market

Learn about the care and management of market swine. Members may raise animals for market or show.

Therapeutic Animals

Learn about the care and training of therapeutic animals. Members may be training or assisting with a therapeutic animal during the animal's working hours.

 

Biological Sciences

Embryology

Learn about the stages in the development of an egg embryo. Members may hatch eggs and study the development at regular intervals, preserve embryos and make reports.

Entomology

Learn to collect, identify, and possibly mount insects. Learn about insect's individual traits and habitats, and their relationship with humans in their uses and control.

Marine Biology

Learn about marine biology including plant and animal life in the ocean. Marine science focuses on biological aspects o the ocean while oceanography focuses on the geological and meteorology aspects.

Veterinary Science

Learn about the range of behavior and characteristics of a normal animal. Learn about diseases, and their causes and prevention, and precaution to control those diseases that affect humans.

Zoology

Learn about animals, their classification and physical traits. May include learning about habitats and animal interactions with humans.

 

Consumer & Family Science

Child Development & Care

Learn how children grow and respond, and how to care for children and build relationships with small children. Appropriate activities for 10 and 11 year old boys and girls are included as well as activities for the early and mid teens.

Clothing & Textiles

Members will not only learn the basics of clothing and other project construction, but also explore purchasing, selection, appearance, and care of clothing and textile.

Consumer Education

For the member who is interested in wise purchasing for themselves and others. Members will learn to balance needs, wants, and resources by setting priorities and weighing alternative.

Fashion Revue

Introduces members to the idea and basics of modeling a piece of clothing or accessory in front of an audience. Items need not be made by member in some cases. May include the attendance of Fashion Revue.

Fiber Arts

May include any craft which uses fiber as its main point. May include project such as felting or weaving.

Flower Arranging

Learn how to tastefully arrange flowers and other objects for use as decoration.

Home & Personal Management

Home management utilizes the same principles that are applied in business or to our personal life. All of us make decisions, establish priorities, set goals, and chart progress with records. Members will learn how to make effective use of limited resources to reach goals.

Home Arts & Furnishings

Learn to embrace home arts, home furnishings, and refinishing furniture. Members may also learn how to best incorporate color, light, design, space, and texture in a living space to optimize comfort and appearance.

Quilting

Members learn how to design and assemble a quilting using machine or hand methods. May include guidance in selecting fabrics and patterns.

Table Setting

Members learn how to properly set and display a table for both formal and non-formal situations. May include a section on proper etiquette.

 

Environmental Education & Earth Sciences

4-H Camping

Members learn how to safely camp overnight in varying terrains. May include an overnight trip.

Astronomy

Learn about celestial bodies and migrations. Members will discover constellations and seasonal changes. May include a short course on telescopes.

Climatology

Study the climate and other atmospheric sciences in a 4-H climatology project.

Environmental Stewardship

Stewardship is an ethic that embodies cooperative planning and management of environmental resources with organizations, communicates and others to actively engage in the prevention of loss of habitat and facilitate its recovery in the interest of long-term sustainability.

Fishing & Fly Tying

Members learn the delicate art of tying flies for fishing. Fishing methods taught may vary from fly fishing to deep sea fishing to lake fishing.

Forestry

Forestry is the science of managing forest. Learn about planting and growing trees, the use of timber, wildlife habitat, recreation, landscapes, watershed management, erosion control and many other forest ecosystems concepts.

Oceanography

Learn about ocean currents, waves, plate tectonics and geology of the sea floor.  Marine science focuses on biological aspects o the ocean while oceanography focuses on the geological and meteorology aspects.

Outdoor Adventures

Includes, but is not limited to any of the following: camping, rock climbing, canoeing, mountaineering, first aid, outdoor cookery, topographic map reading, and outdoor survival.

Science Literacy

A project aimed to teach scientific concepts to youth and increase their scientific literacy.

Soil & Water Conservation

Learn to understand the importance of soil and water conservation in everyday living. Included will be study of our renewable and non-renewable resources and how they affect our quality of life.

Wildlife

Learn about local and exotic wildlife, their habitat, and value to ecosystem and economics. Includes information on the conservation of wildlife. May include work with a relocation/rehabilitation program.

 

Physical Sciences

Energy Management

Learn about limited and renewable sources of energy. earn uses, impacts, costs, and management of both traditional alternative energy forms.

Geology

Learn the study of solid and liquid matter constituting the Earth. May include learning about minerals, jewelry, and field trips to geologic formations.

 

Plant Science

Field Crops & Management

Learn to grow and mark any commercial type of field or row crop. May include some information on commercial methods and environmental issues.

Fruits, Nuts, & Berries

Learn to grow and market any fruit crop. May include information on commercial methods and environmental issues.

Indoor & Mini Gardens

Learn to grow indoor plants and terrariums as well as patio plants and pot gardening of flowering or fruit-bearing plants.

Junior Master Gardener

Junior Master Gardener program cultivates leadership and volunteerism by utilizing fun, hands-on horticultural projects.

Ornamental Horticulture

Learn flower growing, home landscaping, and growing and caring for lawns, ground covers, shrubs, and trees. This projects includes all ornamental plants grown outdoors.

Sugar Beets

Learn to grow and harvest plots of beets to test agricultural practices or for use as a commercial crop or in show.

Vegetable Gardens & Crops

Learn to grow vegetables and/or market crops. This includes organic gardening.

 

Technology & Engineering

Aerospace & Rocketry

Learn about one or more of the categories. May include designing, building, or demonstrating flying or non-flying gliders, airplanes, or rockets.

ATV & Dirt Biking

Learn the care and maintenance of ATV's and dirt bikes, as well as safety practices. May include the planning and implementation of an excursion.

Automotive

Learn safety in the care and use of the automobile. May include maintenance and repairs, cost and responsibilities of car ownership, and driving skills.

Bicyles

Learn the care and maintenance of bicyles, as well as saftey practices. May include the planning and implementation of a bicycle excursion.

Computers & Internet

 Learn about computer hardware and software. Projects may focus on specific software packages, general computer maintenance, or computer hardware identification and upgrading.

Construction & Building

Learn about general construction and engineering principles. Projects may focus on small or large construction activities and members will learn about how to design and build.

Electricity & Electronics

Learn the fundamentals of electricity and it's application as a source of energy and power. Learn to build and maintain electronics of varying complexity.

Farm Machinery

Learn to maintain and safely operate tractors and farm machinery or equipment.

General Engineering

This project may be used as a catchall to include such things as drafting, home repairs, concrete work, general engineering, mechanical drawing and other industrial education, and mechanical science activities.

GIS/GPS

GPS is a navigational system that can accurately locate your position. GIS is a computer program for storing, retrievieng, analyzing and displaying spatial data. Projects may focus on one or both or introduce members o geo-caching.

Metal Working

Learn to safely operate a gas or electric welder over the course of several projects.

Robotics

Learn about the science and technology of robots and their design, manufacture and application.

Shooting Sports- Archery

Members will learn how to safely operate and maintain archery equipment, as well as learn how to shoot. This project may include bow-hinting or target practice, and often includes competitions. 4-H Archery projects may only be led by a 4-H certified adult volunteer or staff.

Shooting Sports- Hunting

Learn to safely operate and maintain guns and equipment. This project may include target practice, hunting, or competitions. Subcategories include hunting, muzzle loading, pistol, rifle, and shotgun. 4-H shooting sports projects may only be led by a 4-H certified adult 4-H volunteer or staff.

Shooting Sports- Muzzle Loading

Learn to safely operate and maintain guns and equipment. This project may include target practice, hunting, or competitions. Subcategories include hunting, muzzle loading, pistol, rifle, and shotgun. 4-H shooting sports projects may only be led by a 4-H certified adult 4-H volunteer or staff.

Shooting Sports- Pistol

Learn to safely operate and maintain guns and equipment. This project may include target practice, hunting, or competitions. Subcategories include hunting, muzzle loading, pistol, rifle, and shotgun. 4-H shooting sports projects may only be led by a 4-h certified adult 4-H volunteer or staff.

Shooting Sports- Rifle

Learn to safely operate and maintain guns and equipment. This project may include target practice, hunting, or competition. Subcategories include hunting, muzzle loading, pistol, rifle, and shotgun. 4-h shooting sports projects may only be led by a 4-h certified adult 4-H volunteer or staff.

Shooting Sports- Shotgun

Learn to safely operate and maintain guns and equipment. This project may include target practice, hunting, or competitions. Subcategories include hunting, muzzle loading, pistol, rifle, and shotgun. 4-H shooting sports projects may only be led by a 4-H certified adult 4-H volunteer or staff.

Shooting Sports- Western Heritage

Learn to safely operate and maintain firearms and archery equipment. This project may include target practice, hunting skills, competitive events or living history. Subcategories include archery, hunting, muzzle loading, pistol, rifle, shotgun, and western heritage. 4-H shooting sports projects may only be led by a 4-H certified adult 4-H volunteer or staff.

Small Engines

Learn about the care and use of a 2-cycle and 40-cycle gasoline and diesel engines in all home, farm, or recreational situations- from lawn and garden equipment, to boats and motorcycles.

Video Production

Learn about the science of videotaping, editing, and distributing a finished product.

Website Design

Members learn how to design a website using either code or a specific program. May include a short section on graphic design and website management.

Woodworking

Learn to design, build, and finish a wooden item. Learn the sage use and care of woodworking tools and equipment.